By Ojasvee Last Updated:
With its diversity, India is one of the most colourful countries in the world. Every occasion is celebrated here with great enthusiasm. Along with its diversity, India is also famous for its wedding celebrations. Different cultures have different wedding rituals, but one thing that unites them all is that each one of them is equally beautiful.
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Weddings in Assam are humble and rooted. Their wedding rituals are one of a kind. Here are some of the amazing wedding rituals of an Assamese wedding which will encourage you to attend one right now.
Just like a bridal shower, juroon is a pre-wedding ritual in which the bride is pampered with love and gifts. The groom’s mother comes to the bride’s place along with her female relatives while singing wedding songs called biya naam. She is warmly greeted by the mother of the bride, holding a bell metal utensil called xorai in her hand. The mother of the groom gives the bride the wedding attire, trousseau, makeup and jewellery. Everything that is given to the bride is first touched by the groom.
Tel Diya is part of the juroon ceremony. In this, the mother-in-law puts a betel nut on the bride’s head and pours oil on it three times. She then puts vermillion on her head. She is also given the rest of the items like coconuts, fishes, sweets and two earthen pots, which the bride accepts by touching them. She then seeks blessings from the elders of the groom’s family. The most beautiful part of this ceremony is when the mother of the groom gifts something special to the mother of the bride to show gratitude to her for bringing up a beautiful daughter.
Uluta juroon is performed by the in-laws of the groom at his place. They bring along with them all the gifts that were given to the bride during the juroon ceremony, except the things like clothes, jewellery and makeup. Rest of the things that the bride received from her mother-in-law are equally divided amongst the bride and the groom to establish a bond between the two families.
This is a ceremony that is performed in both the houses separately. The family members of the bride and the groom visit a nearby pond to collect water for the ceremonial bath of the couple. The mother of the groom and the bride carry a lighted lamp over a heap of rice, a pair of betel nuts and leaves, a coin and a knife. Before the ceremonial bath, the groom and the bride are given the coins, which are to be kept safely by them and the knife is tied to the scarf, which they are to carry with them until the wedding gets over.
It is the ceremonial bath of the bride and the groom at their respective places. They sit on a special seat created with 4 young banana plants. Oil, curd and a paste of urad lentils and turmeric is applied on the head of the would-be couple and finally, the sacred water is poured on their heads.
This is a very beautiful ritual. It is performed in the early hours of the wedding day. Curd is sent to the bride from the groom’s side. She eats half of it and sends the other half back for the groom to eat. It is done for the good luck. It is also the last meal for both of them as singles.
Bride’s reception takes place before the wedding ceremony. She dresses up and is seated on a decorated bell metal plate with saunf in her hands to greet the guests. When the groom is about to enter the wedding venue, she is taken inside where she changes her clothes and wears her wedding attire.
This is a very fun ceremony, which is performed at the groom’s place. When he is ready to leave for the wedding, his mother tries to stop him using a cloth. He has to peep through between the door and the cloth thrice after which he is allowed to leave. He takes blessing of his mother, who will not be participating in the rituals, and then leave for the wedding along with his friends and relatives.
Once the groom reaches the wedding venue, he is showered with rice grains. There is a sweet competition between the bride and the groom’s side where the groom’s best man tries to protect him using an umbrella when the bride’s relatives throw rice on him. The groom is then received by the mother of the bride who welcomes him by giving him kisses on his cheeks.
To give respect to her jiju, the younger sister of the bride washes the feet of the groom. He then has to pay a hefty amount to her so that she can allow him to go to the wedding alter. The brother of the bride then carries the groom inside.
Also Check: 10 Promises Every Jiju Should Make To His Saali
Once the bride and the groom have exchanged the garlands and taken the saath pheras, they participate in post-wedding games known as khel dhemali. The friends and the family of the couple hide a ring in a bowl of rice for the bride and the groom to find it. Whoever finds the ring first is believed to have the upper hand.
This ceremony is performed right before the bidaai. The groom touches the feet of every elder of the bride’s family and shows his gratitude by gifting them some clothes. In return, the elders shower him with blessings in the form of gifts.
After the bidaai, the bride is welcomed to the house by her new in-laws with warm heart. Her feet are washed and she breaks an earthen lamp, known as saaki, before she enters her new home. She is then taken to the prayer room and is offered curd.
These striking rituals are what make an Assamese wedding unique. Grounded yet, amazing, an Assamese wedding is a perfect example that shows how simple things can have a lasting impact on you. Go and be a part of such a wonderful custom.