By Dr. Shivani Sachdev Gour Last Updated:
Vaginal birth is a natural birthing experience and is the preferred choice for most of the would-be mothers. Though it is considered to be a difficult and lengthy process it is very safe for both mother and the baby. However, with the advent of technological advances, birthing as a process has seen its own changes.
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The most common way of delivering a baby, after the natural vaginal delivery, is the Caesarean section. It is natural that every pregnant woman must know everything about these two types of processes and their implications. So, let’s read on.
Vaginal birth can be of different types. The most common is the spontaneous vaginal delivery where the pregnant woman goes into spontaneous labour. At times, one needs to go for assisted vaginal delivery where some instruments like forceps or vacuum cup are used to assist the delivery, or it can be an induced labour where different drugs are used to initiate the process of labour. Assisted or induced labour is required in certain medical conditions like hypertension or when there is post-datism (prolonged pregnancy).
Babies born through vaginal delivery definitely have an edge over those born by the Caesarean process and there are benefits for the mother also.
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There are also many benefits to the mother like there is a shorter physical and psychological period of recovery after the birth. They are more likely to breastfeed spontaneously. In addition, one avoids the risks of major surgery such as heavy bleeding, infection, scar problems and complications of anaesthesia.
As many advantages, it has, so many risks it brings along with it. Let us look at the disadvantages and risks of natural vaginal delivery:
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On the other hand, Caesarean section or C-Section is a surgical method of delivery of the baby from the mother’s womb. This involves giving an incision in the mother’s abdomen and is a major surgery. It can be planned which is known as elective or can be an emergency Caesarean section in certain situations. Planned C-section is done for certain medical problems in the mother like diabetes or high blood pressure or in some infections like HIV or herpes or when there is small maternal pelvis or low lying placenta. It can be planned also in certain fatal indications like a large baby or severe growth retardation in the baby.
Although it involves risks to both mother and baby and can cause complications in future pregnancies, there has been a gradual rise in Caesarean section rates in the past few decades. As with any other surgical procedure C-Section also has its own advantages and disadvantages that should be considered seriously.
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There can be many risks involved in undergoing a C-Section. Let us look at a few:
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The process of birth is an entirely personal choice that pregnant women need to discuss with their obstetrician. As every pregnancy is unique, the obstetrician will evaluate the overall health and the way the pregnancy is progressing before advising on the method of childbirth. One should take an informed decision that is best for both the mother and the baby. Do let us know in the comments section below if you found this information useful.
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